Vava'u, Kingdom of Tonga - PV Diesel Hybrid Application

Hybrid energy supply for an island chain in Vava‘u, Kingdom of Tonga

Minimizing Fuel Costs and CO2 Emissions with Photovoltaic Diesel System Technology

The Kingdom of Tonga is an archipelago in the South Pacific. The islanders’ electricity is supplied by diesel generators, which are an expensive energy source. With more than 1,500 hours of sunshine annually, Tonga has an additional source of energy: the sun. The Tongan island chain Vava’u is now taking advantage of this.

A photovoltaic diesel hybrid system went into operation in Vava’u in November 2013, as a grant from the government of the United Arab Emirates managed by Masdar and executed by Ingenero, with the goal of saving diesel fuel and thereby minimizing costs and CO2 emissions. The 500 kW hybrid PV farm with 1,680 PV modules and 21 SMA Sunny Tripowers was fully integrated into the existing diesel network and provides almost 70 percent of Vava’u’s energy demands at noon. Batteries store part of the energy generated during the day and discharge during the peak in the evening.

The SMA Fuel Save Controller intelligently controls the PV diesel hybrid system. By interacting with SMA inverters, it coordinates the demand-based control of optimized photovoltaics feed-in. The Fuel Save solution provides a secure energy supply with maximum efficiency.

System Size
Installed PV power: 500 kW
Diesel generators: 2 x 600 kW, 2 x 186 kW, 1 x 300 kW

System Information
Vava’u, Kingdom of Tonga
Coordinates: 18° 39’ 01” S, 173° 59’ 07” W
Operator: Tonga Power Ltd.
Annual yield: 695 MWh
Diesel savings: 225,000 liters/year
Batteries: 120 x 1000 Ah

PV System Technology
21 SMA Sunny Tripower 20000TL Economic Excellence
15 SMA Sunny Backup SBU 5000
Fuel Save Controller

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